HIV Symptoms

The symptoms of HIV and AIDS vary, depending on the phase of infection.

Hiv symptoms early warning signs:

When first infected with HIV, you may have no signs or symptoms at all, although you're still able to transmit the virus to others. First HIV symptoms may develop into a brief flu-like illness two to four weeks after becoming infected. Signs and symptoms may include:



Sore throat

Swollen lymph glands

Acute HIV rash

Years later

You may remain symptom-free for years. But as the virus continues to multiply and destroy immune cells, you may develop mild infections or chronic symptoms such as:

Swollen lymph nodes — often one of the first signs of HIV infection Diarrhea

Weight loss


Cough and shortness of breath

HIV lesions

Progression to AIDS

If you receive no treatment for your HIV infection, the disease typically progresses to AIDS in about 10 years. By the time AIDS develops, your immune system has been severely damaged, making you susceptible to opportunistic infections — diseases that wouldn't trouble a person with a healthy immune system. The signs and symptoms of some of these infections may include:

Soaking night sweats

Shaking chills or fever higher than 100 F (38 C) for several weeks

Cough and shortness of breath

Chronic diarrhea

Persistent white spots or unusual lesions on your tongue or in your mouth


Persistent, unexplained fatigue

Blurred and distorted vision

Weight loss

Skin rashes or bumps